Risk Management in Energy Trading

Risk management is one of the most crucial aspects of energy trading. It involves balancing the potential for profit against the potential for loss.

As Energy Traders, it’s essential to have a deep understanding of market conditions, trends, and pricing patterns in order to minimise risk and maximise profits for their customers.

We’ll explore the role of risk management in energy trading in this article, and explain how Energy Traders approach this important task.

Hedging Strategies

One of the key tools used by energy traders to manage risk is hedging.

Hedging involves fixing a price for a commodity at a future date, thereby reducing the potential for price volatility and ensuring that the customer is protected against price fluctuations.

Traders use hedging strategies to balance the risk and reward of energy trading, both for their customers and for the company.

For example, if a customer is looking to purchase energy for the next two seasons (Sum 23 and Win 23), the Trader may hedge these seasons to remove the potential for price volatility.

This can either be done to remove the upside price potential risk or because the customer has a budget cap for these seasons.

By fixing the price for the front two seasons, Traders are able to reduce the risk for the customer and provide some certainty in terms of pricing. However, this also means that the customer may miss out on potential profits if the market declines.

To balance this risk, Traders will leave the rest of the contract period largely open. This means that if the market falls, the customer will be able to reap the benefits of lower prices for later seasons in the contract.

Taking a Neutral View of the Market

When Traders fix prices for the front end of a contract and leave prices open for the back end, they are essentially taking a neutral view of the market.
This means that if prices rise, the customer will be covered for the most volatile period, but if prices fall, the customer will be able to take advantage of the lower prices for later seasons in the contract.

The Trader’s goal is to provide an average of all market conditions, protecting the customer from price volatility while also maximising profits.
Even if the market falls by a significant amount, as it did for Sum 23 and Win 23, the customer will still benefit from the hedging strategy in the later periods of the contract.


Risk management is a crucial aspect of energy trading, and Traders approach this task with expertise and care.

By using hedging strategies to balance risk and reward, Traders are able to provide their customers with the peace of mind that they are protected against market volatility while also maximising profits.

In conclusion, risk management does not mean always buying at the lowest price, especially in challenging market conditions.

The Trader’s goal is to provide a balanced approach, taking into account all market conditions and trends, to provide the best possible outcome for their customers.

By Ramnikh Kular,
Senior Energy Trader, Northern Gas and Power

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